Ritalin abuse and its complications

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Ritalin abuse and its complications

Katebi, Amirreza. and Katebi, Yasmina. and Shabani, Ronak. and Alizadeh, Akram. and Rafiee, Mani. and Soleimani, Mansooreh. (2017) Ritalin abuse and its complications. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 35 (420). pp. 170-176.


Ritalin is a methylphenidate and a stimulant of the nervous system. Its Pharmacological effects are similar to amphetamines. Ritalin is used in hyperactive children and in some cases of brain trauma usually in the form of tablets. It has been the most effective and common drug for treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for years.

Ritalin abuse and its complications

Ritalin has a high potential for abuse, particularly in some students use it to increase focus in order to success in exams. Use of high-dose Ritalin via intravenous and inhalation or intranasal administration can cause many complications similar to cocaine and amphetamine. These complications include violent behavior, hallucinations, hyperexcitability, irritability, panic, and psychosis. In some animal models, structural damage to the nervous system and other organs has been reported. So, distribution and usage of Ritalin should accurately be controlled and monitored to prevent its abuse.

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